Textbook of Medical Physiology 11/e 2005

UNIT I: Introduction to Physiology: The Cell and General Physiology

CHAPTER 1: Functional Organization of the Human Body, and Control of the "Internal Environment" Cells as the Living Units of the Body CHAPTER 2: The Cell and Its Functions CHAPTER 3: Genetic Control of Protein Synthesis, Cell Function, and Cell Reproduction

UNIT II: Membrane Physiology, Nerve, and Muscle

CHAPTER 4: Transport of Substances Through the Cell Membrane CHAPTER 5: Membrane Potentials and Action Potentials CHAPTER 6: Contraction of Skeletal Muscle CHAPTER 7: Excitation of Skeletal Muscle: A. Neuromuscular Transmission and B. Excitation-Contraction Coupling CHAPTER 8: Contraction and Excitation of Smooth Muscle

UNIT III: The Heart

CHAPTER 9: Heart Muscle; The Heart as a Pump and Function of the Heart Valves CHAPTER 10: Rhythmical Excitation of the Heart CHAPTER 11: The Normal Electrocardiogram CHAPTER 12: Electrocardiographic Interpretation of Cardiac Muscle and Coronary Blood Flow Abnormalities: Vectorial Analysis CHAPTER 13: Cardiac Arrhythmias and Their Electrocardiographic Interpretation

UNIT IV: The Circulation

CHAPTER 14: Overview of the Circulation; Medical Physics of Pressure, Flow, and Resistance CHAPTER 15: Vascular Distensibility, and Functions of the Arterial and Venous Systems CHAPTER 16: The Microcirculation and the Lymphatic System: Capillary Fluid Exchange, Interstitial Fluid, and Lymph Flow CHAPTER 17: Local Control of Blood Flow by the Tissues; and Humoral Regulation CHAPTER 18: Nervous Regulation of the Circulation, and Rapid Control of Arterial Pressure CHAPTER 19: Dominant Role of the Kidney in Long-Term Regulation of Arterial Pressure and in Hypertension: The Integrated System for Pressure Control CHAPTER 20: Cardiac Output, Venous Return, and Their Regulation CHAPTER 21: Muscle Blood Flow and Cardiac Output During Exercise; the Coronary Circulation and Ischemic Heart Disease CHAPTER 22: Cardiac Failure CHAPTER 23: Heart Valves and Heart Sounds; Dynamics of Valvular and Congenital Heart Defects CHAPTER 24: Circulatory Shock and Physiology of its Treatment

UNIT V: The Body Fluids and Kidneys

CHAPTER 25: The Body Fluid Compartments: Extracellular and Intracellular Fluids; Interstitial Fluid and Edema CHAPTER 26: Urine Formation by the Kidneys: I. Glomerular Filtration, Renal Blood Flow, and Their Control CHAPTER 27: Urine Formation by the Kidneys: II. Tubular Processing of the Glomerular Filtrate CHAPTER 28: Regulation of Extracellular Fluid Osmolarity and Sodium Concentration CHAPTER 29: Renal Regulation of Potassium, Calcium, Phosphate, and Magnesium; Integration of Renal Mechanisms for Control of Blood Volume and Extracellular Fluid Volume CHAPTER 30: Regulation of Acid-Base Balance CHAPTER 31: Kidney Diseases and Diuretics

UNIT VI: Blood Cells, Immunity, and Blood Clotting

CHAPTER 32: Red Blood Cells, Anemia, and Polycythemia CHAPTER 33: Resistance of the Body to Infection: I. Leukocytes, Granulocytes, the Monocyte-Macrophage System, and Inflammation CHAPTER 34: Resistance of the Body to Infection: II. Immunity and Allergy CHAPTER 35: Blood Groups; Transfusion; Tissue and Organ Transplantation CHAPTER 36: Hemostasis and Blood Coagulation

UNIT VII: Respiration

CHAPTER 37: Pulmonary Ventilation CHAPTER 38: Pulmonary Circulation; Pulmonary Edema; Pleural Fluid CHAPTER 39: Physical Principles of Gas Exchange; Diffusion of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Through the Respiratory Membrane CHAPTER 40: Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood and Body Fluids CHAPTER 41: Regulation of Respiration CHAPTER 42: Respiratory Insufficiency—Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Oxygen Therapy

UNIT VIII: Aviation, Space, and Deep-Sea Diving Physiology

CHAPTER 43: Aviation, High-Altitude, and Space Physiology CHAPTER 44: Physiology of Deep-Sea Diving and Other Hyperbaric Conditions

UNIT IX: The Nervous System: A. General Principles and Sensory Physiology

CHAPTER 45: Organization of the Nervous System; Basic Functions of Synapses; “Transmitter Substances” CHAPTER 46: Sensory Receptors; Neuronal Circuits for Processing Information CHAPTER 47: Somatic Sensations: I. General Organization; the Tactile and Position Senses CHAPTER 48: Somatic Sensations: II. Pain, Headache, and Thermal Sensations

UNIT X: The Nervous System: B. The Special Senses

CHAPTER 49: The Eye: I. Optics of Vision CHAPTER 50: The Eye II. Receptor and Neural Function of the Retina CHAPTER 51: The Eye III. Central Neurophysiology of Vision CHAPTER 52: The Sense of Hearing CHAPTER 53: The Chemical Senses—Taste and Smell

UNIT XI: The Nervous System: C. Motor and Integrative Neurophysiology

CHAPTER 54: Motor Functions of the Spinal Cord; The Cord Reflexes CHAPTER 55: Cortical and Brain Stem Control of Motor Function CHAPTER 56: The Cerebellum, the Basal Ganglia, and Overall Motor Control CHAPTER 57: The Cerebral Cortex; Intellectual Functions of the Brain; and Learning and Memory CHAPTER 58: Behavioral and Motivational Mechanisms of the Brain—The Limbic System and the Hypothalamus CHAPTER 59: States of Brain Activity—Sleep; Brain Waves; Epilepsy; Psychoses CHAPTER 60: The Autonomic Nervous System; and the Adrenal Medulla CHAPTER 61: Cerebral Blood Flow; the Cerebrospinal Fluid; and Brain Metabolism

UNIT XII: Gastrointestinal Physiology

CHAPTER 62: General Principles of Gastrointestinal Function—Motility, Nervous Control, and Blood Circulation CHAPTER 63: Propulsion and Mixing of Food in the Alimentary Tract CHAPTER 64: Secretory Functions of the Alimentary Tract CHAPTER 65: Digestion and Absorption in the Gastrointestinal Tract CHAPTER 66: Physiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders

UNIT XIII: Metabolism and Temperature Regulation CHAPTER 67: Metabolism of Carbohydrates, and Formation of Adenosine Triphosphate

CHAPTER 68: Lipid Metabolism CHAPTER 69: Protein Metabolism CHAPTER 70: The Liver as an Organ CHAPTER 71: Dietary Balances; Regulation of Feeding; Obesity and Starvation; Vitamins and Minerals CHAPTER 72: Energetics and Metabolic Rate CHAPTER 73: Body Temperature, Temperature Regulation, and Fever

UNIT XIV: Endocrinology and Reproduction

CHAPTER 74: Introduction to Endocrinology CHAPTER 75: The Pituitary Hormones and Their Control by the Hypothalamus CHAPTER 76: The Thyroid Metabolic Hormones CHAPTER 77: The Adrenocortical Hormones CHAPTER 78: Insulin, Glucagon, and Diabetes Mellitus CHAPTER 79: Parathyroid Hormone, Calcitonin, Calcium and Phosphate Metabolism, Vitamin D, Bone, and Teeth CHAPTER 80: Reproductive and Hormonal Functions of the Male (and Function of the Pineal Gland) CHAPTER 81: Female Physiology Before Pregnancy; and the Female Hormones CHAPTER 82: Pregnancy and Lactation CHAPTER 83: Fetal and Neonatal Physiology UNIT XV: Sports Physiology CHAPTER 84: Sports Physiology